Cannabis sativa plants have been used for therapeutic purposes for almost 5000 years, with the first records of their use in China and India. Among this genre, we have industrial hemp, plant used for a large number of functions, among which: construction material, ropes, steel replacement, food and medicines. There is increasing interest in the therapeutic area due to the properties of these compounds, especially cannabinoids. Thanks to anecdotal reports on their effects in the forms of CBD cream and CBD oil against different types of cancer, epilepsy and fibromyalgia.
It is a condition or rheumatic syndrome originating in the central nervous system, characterized by muscular or musculoskeletal pain with stiffness and sensitivity located at specific points in the body. This syndrome is very difficult to diagnose, treat and even considered "impossible" to cure since the cause of its origin remains unknown. In Spain, an increase in the number of patients with this disease is estimated, going from 2.4% in 2000 to 13% at the beginning of 2005.
This alarming increase in the number of diagnoses creates a point on which doctors and researchers should reflect.
In the last decade we have seen a rapid growth due to the interest of natural and organic solutions, which extend both in the way we eat and in the way we treat our bodies. Thanks to this, Cannabidiol (CBD) rich molecules or substances have emerged as a possible solution against conditions such as FM.
CBD is one of the 85 cannabinoid compounds found in Cannabis plants. For this compound to have the capacity to provide its therapeutic properties, it must be isolated and extracted from plants known as industrial hemp, which have a high concentration of CBD, a molecule without psychotropic capacity. In other words, CBD does not produce a stupefying effect (the opposite happens with THC molecules, predominant in other plants of this genus).
A survey conducted with more than 1300 patients with chronic pain reports that 62% of patients consider the use of CBD to be very efficient for the management and relief of pain.
Some examples of the properties of CBD:
In Barcelona, a study showed the effect of this cannabinoid in the improvement of pain, rigidity, relaxation and the perception of the well-being of the participants. Thanks to discoveries made by researchers like Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, called among the most prestigious scientific circles as "the grandfather of medicinal cannabis", one of the explanations of the effects of CBD is due to its action on the endocannabinoid system, once activated, they are responsible for producing a cascade of antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic effects, among others.
Our bodies have the natural function of forming cannabinoids, unfortunately, they do not do it in high enough concentrations to produce the desired effect, that is why CBD coming from external sources is a potential ally for people with this type of syndromes.
The simple answer to this question is, current conventional treatments have a very low rate of effectiveness and in a large number of cases their side effects are more dangerous than the disease they seek to alleviate.
Since this type of molecules are extracted from plants with high CBD content and very little THC content, the most logical practice is to isolate this compound, purify it and take it to the form of CBD oils. In this way, it has the purest and unaltered form, without any risk of high concentrations of THC that can produce undesired effects. Of course, in order to do this, we must have very fine quality controls, and preferably procure organic raw material to ensure that the final product is free of pesticides or pathogenic organisms.
Inhalation of this plant is not recommended as it is done with its narcotic counterpart, decreasing the benefits provided by CBD.
One of the organizations seeking to promote research in order to determine the true potential of CBD especially is the Foundation for Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, which has taken action to promote the development of solutions for patients. Creating programs to educate both patients and specialists about the potential and current limitations of these compounds. It is important to keep in mind that the more research is done on the subject, the more questions arise, however, this work is crucial to know the best way we can apply CBD for different conditions.
On the other hand, not all countries or cities have a legal status regarding the use of cannabis, although it is true that industrial hemp has minimal concentrations of THC, this is often mistaken or even demonized by extremist groups, slowing down all progress that could be made both in preclinical and clinical investigations.
In Spain under Royal Decree 1729/1999, the use of industrial hemp and CBD is completely legal, as long as the raw material used to obtain different products has a concentration equal to or less than 0.2% THC. This has been a great leap in favor of alternative therapies, thanks to this today it is possible that patients are able to seek new options to regain control over their welfare, giving them hope and, if conditions allow, to be able to grant them a better life quality.
Please, visit Medical Marijuana for more information on CBD research.
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